Guest Lecture with Bill Hayton: “The Modern Origins of China’s Claims in the South China Sea”

On September 8, 2017, the South China Sea Think Tank hosted a Guest Lecture with Bill Hayton (@bill_hayton) on “The Modern Origins of China’s Claims in the South China Sea”. Hayton is an Associate Fellow at the Chatham House, a BBC journalist, and the author of The South China Sea: The Struggle for Power in Asia.

The event was attended by over 70 people, including local and international scholars, government and military officials, graduate students, and media. Supporting organizations included the Asia-Pacific Policy Research Association, Taiwan Center for Security Studies, Institute of Marine Affairs and Policy, and Institute of International Relations at National Chengchi University.

Opening remarks were given by Jonathan Spangler (@jsymmetry), Director of the South China Sea Think Tank, and Dr. Fu-Kuo Liu (劉復國), Executive Director of the Taiwan Center for Security Studies. Hayton’s lecture focused on how China’s claims emerged between 1909 and 1948 under different governments in response to the actions of other countries. He has also stressed that his findings are not the last word in writing the story of the South China Sea disputes.

During the roundtable following the lecture, Yann-huei Song (宋燕輝), a Research Fellow with the Institute of European and American Studies at Academia Sinica, and Dustin Kuan-Hsiung Wang (王冠雄), Secretary General of the Institute of Marine Affairs and Policy, offered their responses to Hayton’s remarks and contributed to an active dialogue among the speakers and audience members at the end of the session.

South China Sea Think Tank, along with our distinguished guests and institutional partners at the event, encourages active debate on the issue in line with its mission of promoting dialogue, research, and education. All are welcome to join the dialogue by submitting to Issue Briefings or making a proposal for one of our other publications.

For more information about the event, check out the following links:

Presentations from the International Conference on Maritime Challenges and Market Opportunities

Maritime disputes have emerged as major potential flashpoints in the Asia-Pacific region. The tense confrontations that have threatened regional security and stability are fueled by the complex historical relationships between countries, disagreement over maritime sovereignty issues, divergent understandings of international law, and many countries’ relentless pursuit of their national interests. Yet oceans need not be a source of regional tensions. On the contrary, these vast maritime expanses provide opportunities for cooperation among all relevant stakeholders. Oceans are crucial to international trade, global development, and human wellbeing and will play an increasingly significant in the global economy in the future.

To broaden our knowledge of the relationship between regional maritime and global economic issues, Taiwan Center for Security Studies (TCSS) hosted the International Conference on Maritime Challenges and Market Opportunities: “Facilitating Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific” on August 29–30, 2017, which was attended by domestic and foreign participants from academia and industry. In addition to maritime security and geopolitical issues, the conference also explored other key topics related to maritime affairs, including the sustainability of the ocean economy, fishing, shipbuilding, maritime energy (e.g. tidal power, offshore wind energy), seabed resources, emerging blue-water technologies, maritime startups, marine environmental protection, marine tourism, and the oceanic cultural and creative industries.

Read More

South China Sea Lawfare: Post-Arbitration Policy Options and Future Prospects

Report · 2017

Download the report: South China Sea Lawfare (2017)

On July 12, 2016, the Tribunal in the South China Sea arbitration case issued its Award, officially bringing closure to the arbitral proceedings initiated by the Philippines against China in early 2013. In the Award, the Tribunal’s conclusions overwhelmingly supported the Philippines’ positions regarding almost all of the fifteen submissions in its Memorial. The Tribunal also rejected or opted not to take into account the vast majority of China’s positions as elaborated through official statements and was similarly not persuaded by arguments issued or evidence presented by Taiwan.

The Award, especially due to relevant countries’ policy responses and the enduring controversy over its content, has significant implications for the South China Sea maritime territorial disputes, which remain one of the most potent and complex issues affecting stability and security in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. In the post-arbitration context, rival claimants and major stakeholders have been forced to recalibrate their rhetoric, strategies, and policies in order to safeguard their interests and rights in the maritime area while maintaining an image internationally that is conducive to achieving these aims.

This report, entitled South China Sea Lawfare: Post-Arbitration Policy Options and Future Prospects, builds upon the success of the first South China Sea Lawfare report that was published in early 2016. By bringing together an international team of experts writing on the different approaches of each claimant and stakeholder, it aims to serve as a more inclusive reference on post-arbitration South China Sea policy issues than the many other analyses published in the aftermath of the Award.

In Part I: Introduction, the report begins by giving a brief overview of the arbitral proceedings in historical perspective and summarizing the legal positions of the parties involved and the Tribunal’s conclusions as described in its two awards. In Part II: Rival Claimants and Part III: Major Stakeholders, the chapters focus on (1) the specific policy approaches of each country or actor; (2) the implications of the Award for each; (3) the legal, diplomatic, and security policy options available to them; and (4) their future prospects in the post-arbitration context of the South China Sea. In Part IV: Conclusion, the report explores the implications of the Award for international maritime law and the future of maritime territorial disputes. By encouraging and compiling a diversity of views on the South China Sea, the editors hope that this report will serve over the coming years as a resource for policymakers, a foundation for future research, and an example of constructive international collaboration in the midst of the disputes.

Read More

Taiping Island’s Legal Status: Questions Remain in the Aftermath of the Award

Issue Briefings, 16 · 2016

Far from making progress towards a South China Sea dispute settlement, the Award in the Philippines v. China arbitration case has all but ensured that debate will continue. In particular, the Tribunal’s controversial conclusions regarding Itu Aba (Taiping) Island’s legal status may have already reduced the effectiveness and perceived validity of the Award.

Read More

Time to Revive the Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking in the South China Sea?

Issue Briefings, 15 · 2016

A decade ago, China and the Philippines demonstrated that they had the resolve to cooperate on joint exploration projects, but nationalist outcry in the Philippines derailed these efforts. Now that the Philippines v. China arbitration case has concluded, reviving the Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking (JMSU) or a similar program may once again offer a win-win solution.

Read More

Philippines v. China Arbitration Case: Official Responses to the Award

Features · 2016

South China Sea Think Tank compiles the official responses of claimants and major stakeholders to the Award of July 12, 2016, in the Philippines v. China arbitration case.

Read More

Philippines v. China Arbitration Case: Summary of the Philippines’ Submissions and Tribunal’s Awards

Features · 2016

South China Sea Think Tank summarizes the Philippines’ submissions and additional claims, the Tribunal’s conclusions contained in its Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, and its conclusions made in its final Award in the Philippines v. China arbitration case.

Read More

US Warships in the South China Sea: A Prelude to War?

Issue Briefings, 14 · 2016

As the US Navy increases its presence in the South China Sea in an attempt to maintain US primacy in Asia, it risks provoking a military clash with China. If regional stability is to be maintained, the US will need to rethink its strategy and seek a compromise.

Read More

Commentary: Managing the South China Sea Commons through Science Policy

Perspectives 10 · 2016

Environmental degradation remains at the center of scientific conversation on the South China Sea as more marine scientists sound the alarm about the environmental consequences of China’s island-building activities there. The problems facing the sea are as vast, deep, and seemingly intractable as the sea itself, and the need to address issues of acidification, biodiversity loss, climate change, and the destruction of coral reefs is urgent. The key is international scientific cooperation and for scientists from around the world to come together to provide policymakers with the information they need to make informed and responsible decisions in the South China Sea.

Read More

Interview with Raul (Pete) Pedrozo: U.S. South China Sea Policy, Freedom of Navigation Operations, and Accession to UNCLOS

Perspectives 9 · 2016

The South China Sea Think Tank interviews Raul (Pete) Pedrozo about the U.S. responses to the Philippines v. China arbitration case, recent U.S. Navy freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea, and the possibility of U.S. accession to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Read More

Page 1 of 4

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén